Injured / Orphaned Wildlife
Animals will often be more aggressive if they are injured or diseased. Be extremely cautious when approaching any injured animal or animal which appears to be sick or is acting in an abnormal manner.
Relocate children and pets indoors. Bats, foxes, raccoons and skunks cannot be rehabilitated due to the possibility of rabies and should not be handled.
Locate a Licensed Wildlife Rehabilitator (See below) in your area if you find an injured animal. Licensed wildlife rehabilitators provide care for an animal to a point in which it can be released back into its natural environment.
Contact a Wildlife Rehabilitator
Please note: it is illegal to keep any North Carolina wildlife without a permit and North Carolina law prohibits any native wildlife being kept as pets. This is why we have licensed wildlife rehabilitators. These are volunteers that have the resources to provide care for small mammals, birds, reptiles and some other species until the animal can be released back into their natural habitat.
Due to high risk for carrying rabies, the following wild animals should not be handled and cannot be rehabilitated: foxes, skunks, raccoons, coyotes and bats. Please, leave these animals alone. If your pet has brought one of these animals to you, contact your local vet for advice.
Wild turkeys and adult deer cannot be rehabilitated.
For injured/orphaned bears and federally or state listed endangered, threatened, or special concern species please go to Other Contacts
If you have found a wild animal, the best thing you can do is leave it alone or put it back where it was found. If you are truly concerned that the animal is injured or orphaned, but not sure, please read the following information:
Is it injured?
If the animal is able to move on its own, then it’s not injured. Best thing to do is just leave it alone.
If it’s still alive and just not moving, then it’s still not necessarily injured. Certain species have a tendency to become very still when they think they’re threatened or cornered. The best thing to do is leave it alone for at least 24 hours and allow it to move on its own.
If it is obviously injured and is not one of the high risk for rabies listed above, then go to the bottom of this section to search for a Wildlife Rehabilitator in your county.
Is the animal orphaned?
Just because a young animal is alone and the adult cannot be seen doesn’t mean the animal is orphaned. Many juvenile animals are left alone by the adult for long periods of times or merely have fallen out of their nest. Since it’s always best to give the adults the opportunity to re-establish contact and take care of their own offspring, a good rule of thumb is to leave it alone for 24 to 48 hours to determine if parent will return.
If the dead adult is found close by to the young animal and is not one of the high risk for rabies listed above, then go to the bottom of this section to search for a Wildlife Rehabilitator in your county.
Contact a Fawn Rehabilitator
It is common to find fawns left alone for long periods of time by the doe (the female parent). The doe knows when to return and will not do so if humans are around. The best thing you can do if you find a fawn is leave it alone for 24 hours or put it back where it was found, unless it is truly injured or orphaned. Even if it is injured or orphaned, it is okay to put it back or leave it alone.
If you are truly concerned that the fawn is injured or orphaned, but not sure, read the following:
Is it injured?
If the fawn is able to move on its own, than it’s likely not injured. Best thing to do is just leave it alone.
If the fawn is not moving, but still very young, then it’s likely not injured. Very young fawns (for the first 2 to 3 weeks of age) by instinct do not move. They may lie perfectly still even if they are out in the middle of an open area. This is an instinct to protect them from predators. The mother licks the fawn to reduce any scent that could attract a predator. Best thing to do is just leave it alone.
If the fawn is unable to move from the sight where found, than go to the bottom of this section to find a Fawn Rehabilitator near you.
Is the animal orphaned?
Just because the fawn is alone and the parent cannot be seen, doesn’t mean the fawn is orphaned. As stated before, fawns are left alone by the doe for long periods of times. A good rule of thumb is to leave the fawn completely alone for 24 hours to determine if parent is not returning.
After leaving it completely alone for 24 hours, and the fawn is in the same location, clearly distressed and bleating (crying) loudly, then go to the bottom of this section to find a Fawn Rehabilitator near you.
If the dead parent is found close by the baby, then go to the bottom of this section to find a Fawn Rehabilitator near you.
You may also contact your local veterinarian for the name of a rehabilitator in the area, or to ask if they would be willing to help.
You can also call the Wildlife Permits and License Office at (919) 707-0060 or Wildlife Enforcement Communications at (919) 707-0040 to obtain the name and telephone number of a licensed wildlife rehabilitator in your area.
Injured Deer or Black Bear:
The Wildlife Enforcement Division should be called in the case of injured deer or black bear at 1-800-662-7137, or (919) 707-0040 for Wake County.
Injured Endangered/Threatened Species:
If the injured animal can be identified as an endangered or threatened species, contact the Wildlife Enforcement Division at 1-800-662-7137, or (919) 707-0040 or the US Fish and Wildlife Service at (919) 856-4786.
For a list of rehabilitators in North Carolina, go to: ncwildliferehab.org.
For more information, visit the Animal Rehabilitators of the Carolinas Web site at www.arcwildlife.org.